The word Ayurveda was formed by the joining of the two words Ayur and the Veda. Ayur alludes to life, and the Vedas means knowledge. Since Ayurveda goes beyond our civilization, it is perceived as a holistic science. It focuses on one’s general existence instead of just upon their physical health.
It provides with an extremely one of a kind physical purification technique which is known as the Panchakarma. It gives some herbal cures which take into account both the mental and spiritual well-being of people.
The purification procedures of Panchakarma make our human body substantially more receptive to different treatments and quicken the recovery procedure. The different yogasanas which are commonly recommended in Ayurveda help keep diseases from happening and aggravating.
Understanding the Mystery Called – The Human Body
Deeply understanding the human body and its functionality in terms of Prakritisthata (homeostasis) is the principal job of the physician when conducting clinical diagnosis in Ayurveda. The four foundations of diagnostic medicine in Ayurveda for the understanding human body are:
– Anatomy which refers to the structure of the human body.
– Physiology which refers to the functionalities of Dosha, Dhatu and Mala in the human body.
– Pathology which refers to what can go wrong with the anatomy and physiology of the human body.
– Psychology which refers to human thought and behaviour.
Once the doctor understands what is normal and can study the patient's current condition as per these four keystones they can then understand the patient's degree of deviation from homeostasis which is called diagnosis. In other words, the doctors diagnose the disease on the basis of Ayurveda.
Proper Clinical Diagnosis Helps in Charting Treatments
Once a diagnosis has been concluded, the doctor is able to chart out a plan, which includes treatment as well as the follow-up procedures. After this, the doctor can rightly enlighten the patient about the possible causes, the progression, the outcomes to expect, and the necessary treatments of their ailments in addition to providing them treatment and maintaining their good health.
To properly diagnose the disease in a patient the doctor needs to conduct many clinical examinations of the patient. The clinical examination of the body can be done in three stages including:
– Three (Tri) Fold (Bidha) Examination – Which covers the general examination of the patient through visual observation, physical contact and questioning.
– Eight (Astha) Fold (Bidha) Examination – Which covers the examination of the nature of ailment, the general appearance of the patient along with the examination of pulse, skin, tongue, voice, eyes, urine and stool.
– Ten (Dash) Fold (Bidha) Examination – Which covers the complete body constitution (Prakriti), pathological state (Vikriti), as well as tissue vitality (Sara) along with the body’s measurement, adaptability, digestion capacities, exercising capacities, psychic constitution and age.
Now, the doctor should understand the nature of the disease through the three aspects including Dosha, Ashraya (The site of manifestation) and Nidanas (etiological factors). After the understanding of these three aspects, only the doctor can perform diagnosis and initiate the necessary treatment for the patient.
The Complete process of the Clinical Examination
The complete procedure of the clinical examination starts right from the time when the patient goes to the doctor and complaints about their health by explaining the symptoms. Now, the doctor tries to understand the symptoms and comes up with likely possibilities based on their knowledge and a study of Dosha and Dooshya. After that, further medical tests can be performed if the demand arises. If the findings are new or something that doctor doesn’t know of then consultations with other experts in the field can certainly happen.
Today, patients prefer going for Ayurvedic treatments because the clinical examinations of patients in Ayurveda to identify and diagnose a disease is much more reasonable than the procedure followed in Allopathy that consists of expensive medical imaging and other processes that a lot of people can’t afford.
The Different Elements of Diagnosis in Ayurveda
Ayurvedic diagnosis of any disease or ailment consists of different types of elements that help the doctor in identifying the diseases in the patients. These elements include:
* Dosha – Location (Sthana), Cardinal symptom (Atma Rupa), Symptoms of aggravated humor (Prakopa Lakhshana), and movement (Gati).
* Dooshya – The genetic defect or any defect in the tissues (Khavaigunya).
* Srotas – The symptoms of the vitiation of channels (Srotodushti Lakshana).
* Agni – Any indigested matter (Ama).
* Srotodushti – Obstruction (Sangha), Overactivity (Atipravriti), Tumor (Siragranthi), Displacement (Vimarga gamana)
* Roga Marga – Periphery (Shakha), important tissues, bone, joint and Git (Marma-Asthi- Sandhi and Koshtha).
Currently, in Ayurveda diagnosis is done directly, indirectly and even of unknown diseases. After conducting the examination if the doctor fails to come to any logical conclusion in successful diagnosis then additional confirmatory tests can be done to reach any final confirmation and initiate the necessary treatment.
Ayurvedic diagnosis is accurate and takes a lot of research and knowledge on the part of the doctor to properly diagnose a disease in the patient and advice them on treatment. The doctor must understand all about the occurrence and the changes in the human body owing to the imbalance in Dosha. The doctor needs to know the state of Ama, Dosha as well as the condition of the Agni stithi.